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West Virginia
Ethics Commission

210 Brooks Street, Suite 300
Charleston, WV 25301
(304) 558-0664
WV Toll-Free
1 (866) 558-0664
(304) 558-2169
Office Hours
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

 Frequently Asked Questions

Q & A for Lobbyists

1.  May a Lobbyist request an advisory opinion; are there advisory opinions on file that relate to lobbying? 

Yes.  A lobbyist may request an Advisory Opinion regarding his/her own conduct.  However, your question may have already been addressed by an Advisory Opinion which has previously been issued.  Click here for prior Advisory Opinions.

2. I work for a non-profit organization.  Do I have to pay the full registration fee?

Yes, there are no exemptions for paying the normal registration fees simply because you are employed by a non-profit organization.

3. How do I add or delete an employer if I change jobs?

Within one week of the change, notify the Ethics Commission by letter or e-mail if you delete an employer or change your address.  You must complete an additional Lobbyist Notice of Representation form when you add a new employer, and pay an additional fee of $100.00 for each represented employer which you add.

4. How do I end my lobbyist registration and get off the active list?  

If you stop lobbying altogether, you must complete a Termination Form; otherwise you will remain on the active lobbyist list and be responsible for filing reports. The form is on this website under Lobbyist Lists and Blank Forms.

5. Are lobbyist identification badges provided to all lobbyists?

Yes.  The Commission provides lobbyist ID badges to all registered lobbyists. Badges are mailed or given to all lobbyists upon completion of their registration.  The ID badges are a voluntary accommodation of Legislative security concerns.

6. Will e-mail addresses of lobbyists be available to the public and Legislators?


7. How do I get a new Lobbyist Directory? 

All registered lobbyists will receive a new directory each February.  The directories are mailed to the mailing address you provide on your registration form.

8. How often may a lobbyist be audited?

No lobbyist will be subject to a random audit more than once in any 24-month period.  Audits are conducted by a professional CPA contracted by the Ethics Commission.

9. How long must I keep my records?

Records must be kept for two years from the filing of a spending/activity report to which the records relate.

10. How often will lobbyist training sessions be held?  Since I have been a lobbyist for 10 years, do I still have to attend?

Training sessions for lobbyists and prospective lobbyists will be held at least twice per year.  At least one session will be held during the month of January.  To maintain your registration, you must complete one training course per two-year registration cycle regardless of how long you have been a lobbyist.  Training dates and information will be posted on this website.

11. Are there restrictions regarding lobbyists giving gifts to legislators?

The Ethics Act prohibits lobbyists from giving a gift to a government officer or employee “in excess of or in violation of any limitations on gifts set forth in [the Act] . . . ” If the public servant may not accept a gift, a lobbyist violates the law by giving it.  See the GIFTS section on this website for more information.

12. Will I automatically receive reporting forms before they are due?

Blank forms will be sent via email to all lobbyists at least two weeks before the three due dates each year (January 15, May 15 and September 15).  Reporting forms may also be downloaded from this website.

13. What happens if I do not file a spending/activity report?

If you do not file a report, you will receive a reminder notice.  If you still fail to file, you will receive a suspension notice.  Until the proper report is filed, you will be assessed a late fee of $10.00 per day up to a maximum of $250.00.  You are not permitted to lobby until the missing report is filed and your fine is paid. The clerks of the Senate and House receive lists of all lobbyists suspended for failure to file a report, and suspended lobbyists' names are listed on the Commission’s website and provided to the press.

14. I didn’t get the last report because it was mailed to a previous employer and they did not forward it to me.  Am I responsible for filing the report on time even if I did not get it?

Yes.  Lobbyists are personally responsible for filing reports on time and keeping their email and U.S. Mail addresses up to date.  All lobbyist forms, including spending/activity report forms for each year, are on this website.  Reports are due on January 15, May 15 and September 15 of each year.

15. If my reports are late for a very good reason or because of a situation over which I have no control, are there any provisions for reducing or waiving the assessed fine?

Yes.  Requests for waiving or reducing fines must be in writing and filed with the Ethics Commission.

16. Do I report political contributions? Do I report any contributions I make to a PAC? If these contributions are personal and not from my company, should I report them?

Political contributions to incumbent state candidates and to candidates who have won the general election for state office must be reported.  A lobbyist’s personal political contributions (those for which he or she is not reimbursed by an employer) also must be reported.  Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions need not be reported on the lobbyist's reports.

17. I'm planning a dinner and will invite only legislators from my part of the state.  Is this considered group entertainment?  How should it be reported?  Do I need to list the names of everyone who attends?

This is not considered a “group” function as defined in the Act even though you will be entertaining a group of people. The expenses for this occurrence must be reported on Schedule A as a “meals & beverages” expenditure. The names of all legislators who attend the function must be listed.

18. I took a legislator out to lunch and spent $20.00 on the total bill for the two of us.  How much do I report--$10.00 or $20.00?

Report only the amount spent on the legislator (plus the appropriate portion of the gratuity).  Here, you would report $10.00 plus tip if that was the cost of the legislator's lunch.  The name of the legislator must be listed and reported on Schedule A.

19. I took three legislators to lunch.  I am unsure exactly how much of the bill is attributable to each legislator.  How do I report?

You do not need to make an exact calculation of who consumed what during the meal.  You merely need to calculate the total amount expended on the legislators and divide the bill by three.  You will then list each legislator on your Schedule A along with the allocated amount of the bill.

20. I took a legislator, her spouse and her close friend to dinner.  How do I report this?

You would list this expenditure as "Legislator X, spouse and guest" on Schedule A.  You are required to identify the legislator by name, and you may list the names of the spouse and/or guest, although it is not required.

21. Do I include the cost of gratuity (for example, a tip to a waiter) when reporting?

Yes.  Tips are considered an integral part of any entertainment or food and beverage expense.

22. I am at an out-of-state conference.  Legislators are also attending the conference.  May I take them golfing?

Only if the amount of the green fees, cart rental and other attendant expenses are less than $25.00.  This same rule applies to sporting events.  A public official may accept a ticket in excess of $25.00 to a sporting event only when he or she has a ceremonial duty.  (For example, crowning the homecoming queen at a football game is considered a ceremonial duty.)  This exception only applies in limited circumstances.  Call the Commission for guidance before you offer free tickets to a public servant for performing a ceremonial duty.

23. What if I forget to report something?

File an amended report within a reasonable time of the discovery of your omission.  There are no late fees associated with amended forms.  

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